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Warm-up Follows….

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5-Minute Check 4 A.(0, 3), (0, 6), (2, 12) B.(0, 0), (0, 3), (0, 6), (2, 3) C.(0, 0), (0, 3), (2, 3), (3, 2) D.(0, 0), (0, 3), (2, 3), (4, 0) Find the coordinates of the vertices of the figure formed by the system of inequalities. y ≤ 3 y ≥ 0 x ≥ 0 2y + 3x ≤ 12

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5-Minute Check 5 A.(2, 2) B.(4, 2) C.(3, 0) D.(3, 4) Which point is not a solution of the system of inequalities y ≤ 4 and y > |x – 3|?

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Chapter 3 Lesson 3 ( Part 2) Optimization with Linear Programming

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CCSS Content Standards A.CED.3 Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Mathematical Practices 4 Model with mathematics. 8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

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Then/Now You solved systems of linear inequalities by graphing. Find the maximum and minimum values of a function over a region. Solve real-world optimization problems using linear programming.

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Vocabulary linear programming feasible region bounded unbounded optimize

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Concept

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming LANDSCAPING A landscaping company has crews who mow lawns and prune shrubbery. The company schedules 1 hour for mowing jobs and 3 hours for pruning jobs. Each crew is scheduled for no more than 2 pruning jobs per day. Each crew’s schedule is set up for a maximum of 9 hours per day. On the average, the charge for mowing a lawn is $40 and the charge for pruning shrubbery is $120. Find a combination of mowing lawns and pruning shrubs that will maximize the income the company receives per day from one of its crews.

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Step 1Define the variables. m = the number of mowing jobs p = the number of pruning jobs

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Step 2Write a system of inequalities. Since the number of jobs cannot be negative, m and p must be nonnegative numbers. m ≥ 0, p ≥ 0 Mowing jobs take 1 hour. Pruning jobs take 3 hours. There are 9 hours to do the jobs. 1m + 3p ≤ 9 There are no more than 2 pruning jobs a day. p ≤ 2

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Step 3Graph the system of inequalities.

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Step 4Find the coordinates of the vertices of the feasible region. From the graph, the vertices are at (0, 2), (3, 2), (9, 0), and (0, 0). Step 5Write the function to be maximized. The function that describes the income is f(m, p) = 40m + 120p. We want to find the maximum value for this function.

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Step 6Substitute the coordinates of the vertices into the function. Step 7Select the greatest amount.

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Example 3 Optimization with Linear Programming Answer:The maximum values are 360 at (3, 2) and 360 at (9, 0). This means that the company receives the most money with 3 mowings and 2 prunings or 9 mowings and 0 prunings.

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Example 3 LANDSCAPING A landscaping company has crews who rake leaves and mulch. The company schedules 2 hours for mulching jobs and 4 hours for raking jobs. Each crew is scheduled for no more than 2 raking jobs per day. Each crew’s schedule is set up for a maximum of 8 hours per day. On the average, the charge for raking a lawn is $50 and the charge for mulching is $30.

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Example 3 What is a combination of raking leaves and mulching that will maximize the income the company receives per day from one of its crews? A.0 mulching; 2 raking B.4 mulching; 0 raking C.0 mulching; 4 raking D.2 mulching; 0 raking

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Homework (Part 2) Page 158: 14, 16, 24, 26, 28, 30

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